An Australian Institute of Health and Welfare report found that accidental falls accounted for 42% of injury hospitalisations, making it the most common cause for children between 0-4 years of age. As young children are naturally curious and wanting to explore their surroundings, their potential for suffering a damaging fall from heights is greatly increased. In NSW alone, 8000 children are hospitalised each year due to falls and in 2010, 34 children required hospitalisation due to a fall from a window and 46 from a balcony.
A new building construction code is due to come into effect in May 2013 in Australia and the requirements state that all windows in new houses and apartments that are two metres above ground level must either have locks that prevent them from opening more than 12.5 cm or be fitted with special, strong screens to prevent falls.
However, these regulations are only applicable for new dwellings.
To make windows and balconies a little safer in older buildings, there are several recommendations and campaigns in place to help parents and caregivers make their home a more secure place for their little ones. The ?Kids Don’t Fly? campaign was created to raise awareness and provide tangible guidelines on how windows and balconies can be made safer around children:
If you live in a rented house, it is recommended that you get the landlord’s permission before making safety alterations to the property. The ?Kids Don’t Fly? campaign advises that, “by law, a landlord cannot unreasonably refuse consent for a tenant to make minor changes, such as installing window safety devices or other security features.”
If your child has accidentally fallen from a window or balcony, Dr. Dee Chohan, an Emergency Room doctor, advises taking them to the hospital’s Emergency Department straight away. “If your child is not conscious, check the breathing and pulse, but avoid moving the neck, in case of a break, and call 000 immediately,” she says.
“As an Emergency Doctor, we would be worried about head injury, which can be incredibly serious, and also be concerned to assess the neck, as there is a risk there might be a fracture to the cervical spine (broken neck). We also examine the child to make sure there are no other fractures and assess internal organs. For example, a collapsed lung or other serious injury may not be visible to the average person,” she says.
Unfortunately, sometimes falls can be fatal, especially if they sustain a major head injury, says Dr. Chohan, which is why taking preventive steps is of utmost importance.
This article was provided by Lakshmi Singh, a freelance writer and a mother of two.